Nal structure in the 3CLpro (with 306 amino acids, 6LU7) of SARS-CoV-2 like other coronaviruses including MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV with 40 percent to 44 percent from the sequence homology involves 3 functional domains, like domain I (residues 801) and domain II (residues 10284) consisting of 2- barrel fold, which is similar towards the chymotrypsin having a Cys-His catalytic dyad (Cyc145 and His41) situated within the cleft of domain I and II for SARS-CoV-2 catalytic activity, wherein Cys functions as a nucleophile whereas His functions as a proton acceptor; and domain III (residues 20106) also includes 5 -helices linked to domain II by way of a longloop region (residues 185 to 200) (Fig. S1) [16, 17]. The structure of 3CLpro IRAK4 Storage & Stability complexed having a peptide-like inhibitor N3 and residues like His41, Phe140, Leu141, Asn142, Gly143, Cys145, His163, Met165, his172 and Gln189 show noncovalent interaction with N3 ligand. The ligand N3 forms hydrogen bonds (H-bond) with Gly143, Cys145, Glu166, and Gln189 residues inside the binding pocket of this protease enzyme (Fig. S2) . A crucial bicyclic heterocyclic is coumarin (2H-1-benzopyran-2-one) which is a all-natural secondary metabolite (SM) extracted from fungus, plants, bacteria, chemical synthesis, at the same time as crucial oils, has been examined as one of many prominent structures to develop novel agents with larger specificity and ADC Linker Chemical drug affinity to diverse molecular targets displaying antioxidant, anticancer, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antileishmania activities . Consequently, diverse families of plants like Umbelliferae, Clusiaceae, and Rutaceae have been employed to isolate coumarins . Moreover, natural compounds, synthetic and semi-synthetic drugs have already been utilised against molecular targets of several viral proteins for inhibiting viral outbreak, which possess reduce negative effects and toxicity. Therefore, they would be worthwhile candidates within the fight against diverse viruses like Covid-19 . Lots of investigations referred to the inhibition impacts of diverse classes of natural coumarin phytochemicals (Fig. S3) on the functioning of viral proteins like protease, integrase, reverse transcriptase too as DNA polymerase, also, stopping viral entry against a wide range of human viruses like hepatitis B and C, influenza, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and herpes simplex virus [19, 20, 25]. Coumarin compounds with comparable structures such as saxalin, psoralen, and bergapten have already been known to stop HIV replication . Also, coumarins of mesoul and isomesoul have already been reported to suppress HIV replication in jurkat T cell . Kellerin, a sesquiterpene coumarin; rutamarin, a natural furanocoumarin; glycycoumarin, an aryl-coumarin, and osthole, a simple coumarin have been reported to become antiHSV and anti-HCV agents [28, 29]. Also, other research have reported that several of the organic coumarins for instance xanthotoxin, glycycoumarin, oxypeucedanin, pranferol and heraclenol have anti-HIV activity [24, 30].Molecular Diversity (2022) 26:1053In this study, we’ve investigated 50 all-natural coumarin phytochemicals isolated from plants to discover and identify the binding affinities and interactions of these phytochemicals against the coronavirus 3CLpro by molecular modeling approaches. The most effective compounds chosen depending on binding affinity have been additional investigated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and binding free energy calculations in which the selected compounds may perhaps be utilised as inhibitors against 3CLpro of SARS-CoV-2 and Covid-19 dise.