L statistical data processing algorithms described in [12,13]. The subsequent problem was that the standard sizes of turbulent vortices in the lower layer on the ABL changed from several meters to many tens of meters. The employed minisodar AV4000 (Atmospheric Systems Corporation, Santa Clarita, CA, USA) [14] with vertical resolution of 5 m and pulse repetition Methoxyacetic acid Epigenetics period of 4 s permitted us to study the spatiotemporal dynamics of your mean and turbulent kinetic power components with high spatial and temporal resolution. Ultimately, the relative contributions of your mean and turbulent wind velocity components to the Umov vector may also be estimated from minisodar measurements on the wind vector elements and their variances. The present perform analyses the diurnal hourly dynamics of the total kinetic energy flux density vector (the Umov vector) caused by both the mean wind and its turbulent element inside the ABL at altitudes z = 500 m and detects altitudes and times with the day together with the most and least intensive wind impact. 2. Theoretical Background By definition [1,15], in the vector representation we can write for the Umov vector at point r = (x,y,z) and time t: j(r, t) = E (r, t) V(r, t) (1) exactly where E (r, t) is definitely the total kinetic power density and V(r, t) would be the wind velocity vector. In [8,10], the total wind kinetic energy was represented as the sum on the mean and turbulent components: E (r, t) = ( EMKE (r, t) + ETKE (r, t)) from which we get j(r, t) = ( EMKE (r, t) + ETKE (r, t)) V(r, t) (3) that is, the total kinetic energy flux density vector is definitely the solution in the sum on the imply and turbulent kinetic energies multiplied by the wind velocity vector. Its average worth may be written as follows:-(two)j MKE (r, t) = EMKE (r, t) + ETKE (r, t) (r, t)—(4)Atmosphere 2021, 12,three ofwhere the bar over the symbol denotes ensemble averaging. From the above formula it follows that the modulus from the total kinetic flux density vector is proportional towards the cube from the wind velocity, and its path coincides with that in the wind velocity. For that reason, in the event the wind velocity is doubled, the kinetic power flux density will raise by 8 occasions. three. Applied Method Formula (four) was utilized to calculate the diurnal dynamics of the Umov vector elements by post-processing of major volume of data measured having a industrial triaxial Doppler monostatic minisodar AV4000 (Atmospheric Systems Corporation, Santa Clarita, CA, USA) [13] in the vicinity of Santa Clarita, CA, USA, on 16 September 2006 [15]. The minisodar sensing variety was 500 m; its vertical resolution was z = 5 m. The acoustic antenna was an array of 50 speakers employed to both transmit and obtain acoustic signals at a frequency of 4900 Hz. This speaker array was electrically steered to produce three YK-3-237 site independent beams 1 vertical and two other people at elevation angles of 76 in two mutually orthogonal planes. The minisodar pulse duration was 60 ms, and its pulse repetition period was four s. The passport error from the minisodar in measuring wind vector components was 0.five m/s [14]. The minisodar supplied 1 vertical signal profile in all three channels every single 4 s, which have been applied to calculate the wind vector components Vx (r, t), Vy (r, t), and Vz (r, t), 2 two 2 and their variances x (r, t), y (r, t), and z (r, t) from the well-known formulas for the Doppler frequency shifts. To investigate the diurnal hourly dynamics, we sampled and processed 150 vertical profiles recorded because the starting of every hour from 00:00 ti.