Mbined with 0.05 SDS in PBS (1:1 v/v ratio) and, following incubation

Mbined with 0.05 SDS in PBS (1:1 v/v ratio) and, following incubation at room temperature for 23388095 20 min, 5 mL of beads (1:20 dilution in the plate) were added to 95 mL of eQuIC reaction buffer (10 mM PBS pH 7.4, 300 mM NaCl, 0.1 mg/mL rPrPsen, 100 mM ThT, and 10 mM EDTA) in a black 96-well plate with a clear Title Loaded From File bottom (Nunc).The reaction was incubated in a BMG Fluostar plate reader at 48uC using the same cycles of shake and rest previously described for the Title Loaded From File RT-QuIC [41].aration Plasma sample preFor plasma collections normal and clinical mice were anesthetized with isoflurane and exsanguinated via heart stick. Blood was immediately transferred to a BD Vacutainer (sodium citrate; Becton-Dickinson) tube and mixed gently. Samples were centrifuged at 3000 rpm in a Eppendorf 5415R centrifuge for 15 min. The plasma fraction was transferred to a new tube and stored at 220uC.RT-QuICRT-QuIC was performed as previously described [41] except for a few modifications. Briefly, 98 mL of fresh RT-QuIC buffer (10 mM phosphate buffer pH 7.4; 130?00 mM NaCl; 0.1 mg/ mL rPrPSen; 10 mM Thioflavin T and 10 mM EDTA) were loaded into wells of a black 96-well plate with a clear bottom (Nunc). Reactions were seeded with 2 mL of the BH or synaptosomal fraction dilutions in a final volume of 100 mL (1:50 dilution). All reactions contained 0.002 final concentration of SDS. Plates were sealed (Nalgene Nunc International sealer) and incubated in a BMG Fluostar plate reader at 42uC for the designated period with cycles of 1 min shaking (700 rpm double orbital) and 1 minWestern blotting analysisPrPRes was detected by immunoblotting. In brief, 10 brain homogenates were digested with 20 mg/mL of proteinase K forRT-QuIC and eQuIC with Mouse Scrapie Strains1 h at 37Cu. For synaptosome analyses, the fractions were pretreated with 0.4 Triton X100 (final concentration) and digested with 100 mg/mL of PK with the same conditions as previous described for brain homogenates. PK digestion was stopped with Pefabloc (Roche) at a final concentration of 4 mM. The digested samples were boiled in sample buffer (4 M urea, 4 SDS, 2 bmercaptoethanol, 8 glycerol, 0.02 bromophenol blue and 50 mM Tris-HCl; pH 6.8) and subjected to SDS-PAGE using 10 BisTris NuPAGE gels (Invitrogen). Proteins were transferred to an Immobilon P membrane (Millipore) using iBlot Gel Transfer System (Life Technologies).The membrane was 15857111 probed with 6D11 antibody (Covance) at a 1:10,000 dilution, followed by secondary AP-conjugated antibody goat anti-mouse (1:10,000 dilution) (Jackson Immuno Research Laboratories). The bands were visualized using the Attophos AP Fluorescent Substrate system (Promega) according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.Use and Care Committee and the National Institutes of Health (Protocol Number: 2010?0). All animal procedures carried out at The Roslin Institute (UK) were approved by the Local Ethical Review Committee, and performed under licence from the UK Home Office, in accordance with the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986.AcknowledgmentsWe thank Lynne Raymond for providing bacterial expression vectors for the recombinant PrPSen used as substrate in these studies. We also thank Anita Mora for graphic arts assistance, and Drs. Suzette Priola, Roger Moore and Jay Carroll for their critical evaluation of the manuscript. The 101LL knock-in transgenic line was kindly supplied by Prof Jean Manson, Roslin Institute. S.V. was partially supported by the Master and Back Program of the.Mbined with 0.05 SDS in PBS (1:1 v/v ratio) and, following incubation at room temperature for 23388095 20 min, 5 mL of beads (1:20 dilution in the plate) were added to 95 mL of eQuIC reaction buffer (10 mM PBS pH 7.4, 300 mM NaCl, 0.1 mg/mL rPrPsen, 100 mM ThT, and 10 mM EDTA) in a black 96-well plate with a clear bottom (Nunc).The reaction was incubated in a BMG Fluostar plate reader at 48uC using the same cycles of shake and rest previously described for the RT-QuIC [41].aration Plasma sample preFor plasma collections normal and clinical mice were anesthetized with isoflurane and exsanguinated via heart stick. Blood was immediately transferred to a BD Vacutainer (sodium citrate; Becton-Dickinson) tube and mixed gently. Samples were centrifuged at 3000 rpm in a Eppendorf 5415R centrifuge for 15 min. The plasma fraction was transferred to a new tube and stored at 220uC.RT-QuICRT-QuIC was performed as previously described [41] except for a few modifications. Briefly, 98 mL of fresh RT-QuIC buffer (10 mM phosphate buffer pH 7.4; 130?00 mM NaCl; 0.1 mg/ mL rPrPSen; 10 mM Thioflavin T and 10 mM EDTA) were loaded into wells of a black 96-well plate with a clear bottom (Nunc). Reactions were seeded with 2 mL of the BH or synaptosomal fraction dilutions in a final volume of 100 mL (1:50 dilution). All reactions contained 0.002 final concentration of SDS. Plates were sealed (Nalgene Nunc International sealer) and incubated in a BMG Fluostar plate reader at 42uC for the designated period with cycles of 1 min shaking (700 rpm double orbital) and 1 minWestern blotting analysisPrPRes was detected by immunoblotting. In brief, 10 brain homogenates were digested with 20 mg/mL of proteinase K forRT-QuIC and eQuIC with Mouse Scrapie Strains1 h at 37Cu. For synaptosome analyses, the fractions were pretreated with 0.4 Triton X100 (final concentration) and digested with 100 mg/mL of PK with the same conditions as previous described for brain homogenates. PK digestion was stopped with Pefabloc (Roche) at a final concentration of 4 mM. The digested samples were boiled in sample buffer (4 M urea, 4 SDS, 2 bmercaptoethanol, 8 glycerol, 0.02 bromophenol blue and 50 mM Tris-HCl; pH 6.8) and subjected to SDS-PAGE using 10 BisTris NuPAGE gels (Invitrogen). Proteins were transferred to an Immobilon P membrane (Millipore) using iBlot Gel Transfer System (Life Technologies).The membrane was 15857111 probed with 6D11 antibody (Covance) at a 1:10,000 dilution, followed by secondary AP-conjugated antibody goat anti-mouse (1:10,000 dilution) (Jackson Immuno Research Laboratories). The bands were visualized using the Attophos AP Fluorescent Substrate system (Promega) according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.Use and Care Committee and the National Institutes of Health (Protocol Number: 2010?0). All animal procedures carried out at The Roslin Institute (UK) were approved by the Local Ethical Review Committee, and performed under licence from the UK Home Office, in accordance with the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986.AcknowledgmentsWe thank Lynne Raymond for providing bacterial expression vectors for the recombinant PrPSen used as substrate in these studies. We also thank Anita Mora for graphic arts assistance, and Drs. Suzette Priola, Roger Moore and Jay Carroll for their critical evaluation of the manuscript. The 101LL knock-in transgenic line was kindly supplied by Prof Jean Manson, Roslin Institute. S.V. was partially supported by the Master and Back Program of the.

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