St partumhaemorrhage. Perinatal outcomes were fetal and neonatal death, gestational age

St partumhaemorrhage. Perinatal outcomes were fetal and neonatal death, gestational age at delivery, birth weight, Apgar score at 5 min, and transfer to neonatal intensive care unit. Blood PD 168393 samples were planned for assessment of HI antibodies against A/H1N1 2009 influenza at inclusion and at delivery, and in case of ILI. Written informed consent was obtained from each woman before enrolment. The protocol was conducted in accordance withPandemic Influenza 2009 Vaccine and Pregnancythe Declaration of Helsinki and French law for biomedical research and was approved by the “Ile-de-France 3” Ethics Committee (Paris, France). This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01192737.Laboratory MethodsHemagglutination inhibition antibodies against A/H1N1 2009 influenza. Immunological assays were performed in aChi-square test or Fisher’s exact test (in cases of low number of data) were used for comparisons of qualitative variables. KruskalWallis test was used for comparison of quantitative variables. A pvalue ,0.05 was considered significant. For proportions, exact binomial 95 CI were calculated. For geometric mean titers, 95 CI were computed by taking the exponent (log10) of the lower and upper limits of the 95 CI of the log10-transformed titers.centralized laboratory (Virology Laboratory, Cochin Hospital, Paris, France) in a blind way. The titer of antibodies against the vaccine strain was measured in all samples by hemagglutinationinhibition (HI) assay as described by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Influenza, Centres for Diseases Control, Atlanta, USA [15]. Serum samples were treated by enzymatic treatment to destroy nonspecific inhibitors. Sera were then tested in serial twofold dilutions starting at 1:10, all sera from a single patient being tested on the same plate. Hemagglutination was performed in a microtiter plate using human O rhesus negative erythrocytes and 4 units of A/California/7/2009 (H1N1v) vaccine as antigen (PanenzaH). The sample titer was the highest dilution that completely inhibited hemagglutination. Negative samples were assigned a titer of 1:5. The geometric mean HI antibody titers at each time point were used for the analyses. Seroprotection rate was defined as the percentage of women with a HI titer of 1:40 or greater, seroconversion rate as the percentage of women with a HI titer ,1:10 at inclusion and a titer of 1:40 or greater at delivery, or showing a significant increase in antibody titer defined as a titer of 1:10 or greater at inclusion and at least a fourfold increase in titer between inclusion and delivery [16?8].Molecular detection of H1N1pdm09 pandemic influenza a virus. Nasopharyngeal secretions were collected by endonasalResults Study PatientsA total of 4171 women were screened, among whom 427 refused to participate, 668 were ineligible, and 2157 were not included.Women were MedChemExpress ML 281 included from October 12, 2009 to February 3, 2010; first delivery occurred in November 2009 and last delivery in August 2010. Among the 919 pregnant women included, 4 withdrew their consent and 1 had exclusion criteria; 37 women (4 ) were excluded of analysis due to loss of follow up (i.e. women who gave birth in another hospital and with less than 3 follow-up visits) (Figure 1). No difference in maternal baseline characteristics was evidenced between the 877 pregnant women included in the study and the 37 pregnant women excluded of the analysis. The demographic profiles and the clinical characteristics of the 877 women of.St partumhaemorrhage. Perinatal outcomes were fetal and neonatal death, gestational age at delivery, birth weight, Apgar score at 5 min, and transfer to neonatal intensive care unit. Blood samples were planned for assessment of HI antibodies against A/H1N1 2009 influenza at inclusion and at delivery, and in case of ILI. Written informed consent was obtained from each woman before enrolment. The protocol was conducted in accordance withPandemic Influenza 2009 Vaccine and Pregnancythe Declaration of Helsinki and French law for biomedical research and was approved by the “Ile-de-France 3” Ethics Committee (Paris, France). This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01192737.Laboratory MethodsHemagglutination inhibition antibodies against A/H1N1 2009 influenza. Immunological assays were performed in aChi-square test or Fisher’s exact test (in cases of low number of data) were used for comparisons of qualitative variables. KruskalWallis test was used for comparison of quantitative variables. A pvalue ,0.05 was considered significant. For proportions, exact binomial 95 CI were calculated. For geometric mean titers, 95 CI were computed by taking the exponent (log10) of the lower and upper limits of the 95 CI of the log10-transformed titers.centralized laboratory (Virology Laboratory, Cochin Hospital, Paris, France) in a blind way. The titer of antibodies against the vaccine strain was measured in all samples by hemagglutinationinhibition (HI) assay as described by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Influenza, Centres for Diseases Control, Atlanta, USA [15]. Serum samples were treated by enzymatic treatment to destroy nonspecific inhibitors. Sera were then tested in serial twofold dilutions starting at 1:10, all sera from a single patient being tested on the same plate. Hemagglutination was performed in a microtiter plate using human O rhesus negative erythrocytes and 4 units of A/California/7/2009 (H1N1v) vaccine as antigen (PanenzaH). The sample titer was the highest dilution that completely inhibited hemagglutination. Negative samples were assigned a titer of 1:5. The geometric mean HI antibody titers at each time point were used for the analyses. Seroprotection rate was defined as the percentage of women with a HI titer of 1:40 or greater, seroconversion rate as the percentage of women with a HI titer ,1:10 at inclusion and a titer of 1:40 or greater at delivery, or showing a significant increase in antibody titer defined as a titer of 1:10 or greater at inclusion and at least a fourfold increase in titer between inclusion and delivery [16?8].Molecular detection of H1N1pdm09 pandemic influenza a virus. Nasopharyngeal secretions were collected by endonasalResults Study PatientsA total of 4171 women were screened, among whom 427 refused to participate, 668 were ineligible, and 2157 were not included.Women were included from October 12, 2009 to February 3, 2010; first delivery occurred in November 2009 and last delivery in August 2010. Among the 919 pregnant women included, 4 withdrew their consent and 1 had exclusion criteria; 37 women (4 ) were excluded of analysis due to loss of follow up (i.e. women who gave birth in another hospital and with less than 3 follow-up visits) (Figure 1). No difference in maternal baseline characteristics was evidenced between the 877 pregnant women included in the study and the 37 pregnant women excluded of the analysis. The demographic profiles and the clinical characteristics of the 877 women of.

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