S [25,26]. Ripa buffer extracts of wildtype embryonic hearts ED12.5?4.0 (approximately 200 mg

S [25,26]. Ripa CI 1011 biological activity buffer extracts of wildtype embryonic hearts ED12.5?4.0 (approximately 200 mg of protein), 20 mg poly DI/ DC, 100 mL of 10x binding buffer (40 mM KCl, 15 mM HEPES pH 7.9, 1 mM EDTA, 0.5 mM DTT), and 5 glycerol in a final sample volume of 1 mL were precleared with streptavidin agarose beads (Invitrogen #15942-050). Following preclearing to remove background, the samples were incubated with 30 pM of annealed oligos overnight at 4uC. Streptavidin agarose beads were then reintroduced to bind the biotin tag of the annealed oligos. Subsequently, the beads were thoroughly washed in 1x TBE buffer, then 1X binding buffer, and lastly PBS. Protein/DNA oligo complexes were eluted from the beads by boiling in 4X sample buffer at 95uC for 5 minutes. Eluted protein was run on a 4?0 Tris-glycine gel (Invitrogen, #EC6025), then subsequently transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane (Invitrogen, #LC2001), blocked in 5 1326631 dry milk/1 TBST, and probed with primary antibody against Mef2c (Santa Cruz, sc-13266). The secondary antibody used was Donkey anti-goat HRP (Santa Cruz, sc-2033). ECL Advanced reagents were used to detect antibody binding (Amersham/GE Healthcare, #2135). Three independent experiments were performed.Experimental Procedures Sequence AlignmentThe 59 upstream sequences of the Crtl1 promoter for mouse, rat, and human genes were aligned using the web-based tool Kalign [20]. All sequences are available at NCBI, the mouse sequence AF139572, rat sequences NM019189 and CH473955, and human sequences NM001884 and NT006713 were used for the alignment.Ethics StatementThis study was carried out in strict accordance with the recommendations in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals of the National Institutes of Health. The protocol (AR#2464) was approved by the Institutional Animal Care Use Committee (IACUC) at the Medical University of South MedChemExpress TA-01 Carolina. Wildtype C57BL6/J embryos were collected 15755315 from timed pregnant dams and staged according to Theiler (1989) before being processed for immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, or Chromatin Immunoprecipitation as described below.ImmunohistochemistryEmbryos were fixed in 4 paraformaldehyde (PFA) for 4 hours. Tissue processing, hematoxylin/eosin staining, and immunohistochemistry were performed as previously described [21]. Antibodies used included: mouse monoclonal anti-Crtl1 (Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank, 9/30/8-A-4) [22,23], rabbit polyclonal anti-Mef2c (Sigma, HPA005533), and rabbit polyclonal anti-Sox9 (Santa Cruz, sc-20091). For fluorescent detection of the primary antibodies, Donkey anti-mouse FITC (Jackson Immunoresearch, #715-095-150), and Donkey anti-rabbit TRITC (Jackson Immunoresearch, #711-025-152) were used. Immunofluorescently stained sections were imaged using the Zeiss AxioImager 2.0 microscope system.Chromatin ImmunoprecipitationWildtype embryonic hearts at stages ED10.5?1.5 were collected in cold PBS and then incubated in 1 Formaldehyde in PBS for 10 minutes at room temperature. Formaldehyde crosslinking was stopped by adding 10X Glycine to a final concentration of 1X and incubating at room temperature for 5 minutes. Tissue was spun at 4uC at 5,000rcf for 5 minutes and the remaining tissue pellet was rinsed twice in ice-cold PBS. The tissue was then resuspended in an SDS Lysis Buffer containing a Protease Inhibitor Cocktail (Upstate EZ-Chip, #17?71), sheared by passing through a 28-gauge needle, and then sonicated. Chromatin Immunoprecipitation wa.S [25,26]. Ripa buffer extracts of wildtype embryonic hearts ED12.5?4.0 (approximately 200 mg of protein), 20 mg poly DI/ DC, 100 mL of 10x binding buffer (40 mM KCl, 15 mM HEPES pH 7.9, 1 mM EDTA, 0.5 mM DTT), and 5 glycerol in a final sample volume of 1 mL were precleared with streptavidin agarose beads (Invitrogen #15942-050). Following preclearing to remove background, the samples were incubated with 30 pM of annealed oligos overnight at 4uC. Streptavidin agarose beads were then reintroduced to bind the biotin tag of the annealed oligos. Subsequently, the beads were thoroughly washed in 1x TBE buffer, then 1X binding buffer, and lastly PBS. Protein/DNA oligo complexes were eluted from the beads by boiling in 4X sample buffer at 95uC for 5 minutes. Eluted protein was run on a 4?0 Tris-glycine gel (Invitrogen, #EC6025), then subsequently transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane (Invitrogen, #LC2001), blocked in 5 1326631 dry milk/1 TBST, and probed with primary antibody against Mef2c (Santa Cruz, sc-13266). The secondary antibody used was Donkey anti-goat HRP (Santa Cruz, sc-2033). ECL Advanced reagents were used to detect antibody binding (Amersham/GE Healthcare, #2135). Three independent experiments were performed.Experimental Procedures Sequence AlignmentThe 59 upstream sequences of the Crtl1 promoter for mouse, rat, and human genes were aligned using the web-based tool Kalign [20]. All sequences are available at NCBI, the mouse sequence AF139572, rat sequences NM019189 and CH473955, and human sequences NM001884 and NT006713 were used for the alignment.Ethics StatementThis study was carried out in strict accordance with the recommendations in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals of the National Institutes of Health. The protocol (AR#2464) was approved by the Institutional Animal Care Use Committee (IACUC) at the Medical University of South Carolina. Wildtype C57BL6/J embryos were collected 15755315 from timed pregnant dams and staged according to Theiler (1989) before being processed for immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, or Chromatin Immunoprecipitation as described below.ImmunohistochemistryEmbryos were fixed in 4 paraformaldehyde (PFA) for 4 hours. Tissue processing, hematoxylin/eosin staining, and immunohistochemistry were performed as previously described [21]. Antibodies used included: mouse monoclonal anti-Crtl1 (Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank, 9/30/8-A-4) [22,23], rabbit polyclonal anti-Mef2c (Sigma, HPA005533), and rabbit polyclonal anti-Sox9 (Santa Cruz, sc-20091). For fluorescent detection of the primary antibodies, Donkey anti-mouse FITC (Jackson Immunoresearch, #715-095-150), and Donkey anti-rabbit TRITC (Jackson Immunoresearch, #711-025-152) were used. Immunofluorescently stained sections were imaged using the Zeiss AxioImager 2.0 microscope system.Chromatin ImmunoprecipitationWildtype embryonic hearts at stages ED10.5?1.5 were collected in cold PBS and then incubated in 1 Formaldehyde in PBS for 10 minutes at room temperature. Formaldehyde crosslinking was stopped by adding 10X Glycine to a final concentration of 1X and incubating at room temperature for 5 minutes. Tissue was spun at 4uC at 5,000rcf for 5 minutes and the remaining tissue pellet was rinsed twice in ice-cold PBS. The tissue was then resuspended in an SDS Lysis Buffer containing a Protease Inhibitor Cocktail (Upstate EZ-Chip, #17?71), sheared by passing through a 28-gauge needle, and then sonicated. Chromatin Immunoprecipitation wa.

Leave a Reply