Kotosamimanana et al., 2010. Individuals

Kotosamimanana et al., 2010. Individuals 1516647 with a negative response are shown in white, those with a positive response in grey. Significant differences in gene expression between clinical groups are indicated. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061154.gWBC population, by analyzing the overall distribution of the WBC population (Table 3). Total WBC count was significantly higher in the hHC group than in the CC group (p = 0.02). Similarly, the TB patients (IC and sHC) had a significantly higher percentage of monocytes and neutrophils (p,0.05) but a lower percentage of lymphocytes, compared to the healthy BI-78D3 web subjects (hHC and CC) (Figure 7). Interestingly, this finding is compatible with recent data from 2 large cohort studies in India, using Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, suggesting that it may be a generally applicable finding (Author’s unpublished data). After treatment of TB patients, the neutrophil and the Tunicamycin web monocyte percentages decreased, while the lymphocyte percentage increased, erasing the difference between clinical groups (data not shown). No significant correlation was observed between the expression levels of the four apoptotic genes studied and differences in WBC population distribution in the various clinical groups (IC with active TB, HC exposed to TB and CC; table 3).Apoptotic gene expression and WBC rates distinguish between healthy subjects, individuals with Mtb infection and individuals with active TBAs TB is endemic in Madagascar and the coverage rate is high for BCG vaccination, a weak TST response may not be specific for a Mtb infection. We thus defined infection as a strong TST response and assumed that healthy individuals with an induration in the TST,14 mm were potentially pre-sensitized to mycobacteria but not necessarily infected with Mtb, and further that healthy individuals, with a TST result,5 mm were most likely not infected. Those with a TST.14 were assumed to be infected with Mtb, even if asymptomatic In infected healthy subjects, the number of copies of FLIPs mRNA in the hHC (177.786219.9, n = 27) was greater than that in the CC group ((75.9688.84, n = 15; p,0.01), while the levels of expression of the other genes studied did not differ between the two groups. The individuals with signs of TB disease (IC and sHC) also had higher levels of TNFR2 mRNA in the peripheral bloodApoptosis-Related Gene Expression in TuberculosisFigure 4. Blood expression of apoptotic genes as a function of TST response in the clinical groups. (A) TNFR1, (B) TNFR2, (C) FLIPs, (D) FLICE. TST positivity was defined as an induration .5 mm in diameter. Neg, TST induration ,5 mm, Pos, TST induration 5 mm in diameter. The data shown are the median and ranges of mRNA levels normalized and expressed as a number of copies per 105 copies of mRNA for the housekeeping gene, HuPO. Significant differences in gene expression between clinical groups are shown. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061154.gthan did healthy infected subjects with an induration in the TST.14 mm (p = 0.04; Table 4). The TB symptomatic individuals (IC and sHC) had significantly higher monocyte counts than the infected but healthy (i-hHC) or non infected individuals (NI-CC) ((p,0.05, figure 8A). The sHC had a percentage of monocytes, significantly higher than those of individuals with a different clinical status (figure 8A). The IC had a significantly higher proportion of neutrophils than the healthy individuals (i-hHC and NI-CC; figure 8B). Moreover, the healthy infected indi.Kotosamimanana et al., 2010. Individuals 1516647 with a negative response are shown in white, those with a positive response in grey. Significant differences in gene expression between clinical groups are indicated. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061154.gWBC population, by analyzing the overall distribution of the WBC population (Table 3). Total WBC count was significantly higher in the hHC group than in the CC group (p = 0.02). Similarly, the TB patients (IC and sHC) had a significantly higher percentage of monocytes and neutrophils (p,0.05) but a lower percentage of lymphocytes, compared to the healthy subjects (hHC and CC) (Figure 7). Interestingly, this finding is compatible with recent data from 2 large cohort studies in India, using Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, suggesting that it may be a generally applicable finding (Author’s unpublished data). After treatment of TB patients, the neutrophil and the monocyte percentages decreased, while the lymphocyte percentage increased, erasing the difference between clinical groups (data not shown). No significant correlation was observed between the expression levels of the four apoptotic genes studied and differences in WBC population distribution in the various clinical groups (IC with active TB, HC exposed to TB and CC; table 3).Apoptotic gene expression and WBC rates distinguish between healthy subjects, individuals with Mtb infection and individuals with active TBAs TB is endemic in Madagascar and the coverage rate is high for BCG vaccination, a weak TST response may not be specific for a Mtb infection. We thus defined infection as a strong TST response and assumed that healthy individuals with an induration in the TST,14 mm were potentially pre-sensitized to mycobacteria but not necessarily infected with Mtb, and further that healthy individuals, with a TST result,5 mm were most likely not infected. Those with a TST.14 were assumed to be infected with Mtb, even if asymptomatic In infected healthy subjects, the number of copies of FLIPs mRNA in the hHC (177.786219.9, n = 27) was greater than that in the CC group ((75.9688.84, n = 15; p,0.01), while the levels of expression of the other genes studied did not differ between the two groups. The individuals with signs of TB disease (IC and sHC) also had higher levels of TNFR2 mRNA in the peripheral bloodApoptosis-Related Gene Expression in TuberculosisFigure 4. Blood expression of apoptotic genes as a function of TST response in the clinical groups. (A) TNFR1, (B) TNFR2, (C) FLIPs, (D) FLICE. TST positivity was defined as an induration .5 mm in diameter. Neg, TST induration ,5 mm, Pos, TST induration 5 mm in diameter. The data shown are the median and ranges of mRNA levels normalized and expressed as a number of copies per 105 copies of mRNA for the housekeeping gene, HuPO. Significant differences in gene expression between clinical groups are shown. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061154.gthan did healthy infected subjects with an induration in the TST.14 mm (p = 0.04; Table 4). The TB symptomatic individuals (IC and sHC) had significantly higher monocyte counts than the infected but healthy (i-hHC) or non infected individuals (NI-CC) ((p,0.05, figure 8A). The sHC had a percentage of monocytes, significantly higher than those of individuals with a different clinical status (figure 8A). The IC had a significantly higher proportion of neutrophils than the healthy individuals (i-hHC and NI-CC; figure 8B). Moreover, the healthy infected indi.

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