. van Dijk SC, Smulders YM, Enneman AW, Swart KM, van Wijngaarden

. van Dijk SC, Smulders YM, Enneman AW, Swart KM, van Wijngaarden JP, et al. Homocysteine level is linked with aortic stiffness in elderly: cross sectional results from the B-PROOF study. J Hypertens 31: 952959. 36. London GM, Asmar RG, O’Rourke MF, Safar ME, Cause Project Investigators Mechanism of selective systolic blood stress reduction 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. after a low-dose combination of perindopril/indapamide in hypertensive subjects: comparison with atenolol. J Am Coll Cardiol 43: 9299. Sharman JE, Davies JE, Jenkins C, Marwick TH Augmentation index, left ventricular contractility, and wave reflection. Hypertension 54: 10991105. Tabara Y, Yuasa T, Oshiumi A, Kobayashi T, Miyawaki Y, et al. Impact of acute and Madecassoside long-term aerobic exercising on arterial stiffness in the elderly. Hypertens Res 30: 895902. Filipovsky J, Ticha M, Cifkova R, Lanska V, Stastna V, et al. Huge artery stiffness and pulse wave reflection: results of a population-based study. Blood Press 14: 4552. Katsuda S, Miyake 15481974 M, Kobayashi D, Hazama A, Kusanagi M, et al. Does the augmentation index of pulse waves definitely enhance with progression of atherosclerosis An experimental study with hypercholesterolemic rabbits. Am J Hypertens 26: 311317. Hughes AD, Park C, Davies J, Francis D, McG Thom SA, et al. Limitations of augmentation index inside the assessment of wave reflection in normotensive healthful men and women. PLoS A single eight: e59371. McEniery CM, Yasmin, Hall IR, Qasem A, Wilkinson IB, et al. Standard vascular aging: differential effects on wave reflection and aortic pulse wave velocity: the Anglo-Cardiff Collaborative Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol 46: 17531760. Sundstrom J, Sullivan L, D’Agostino RB, Jacques PF, Selhub J, et al. Plasma homocysteine, hypertension incidence, and blood pressure tracking: the Framingham Heart Study. Hypertension 42: 11001105. Eikelboom JW, Hankey GJ, Anand SS, Lofthouse E, Staples N, et al. Association amongst higher homocysteine and ischemic stroke as a consequence of substantial and smaller artery illness but not other etiologic subtypes of ischemic stroke. Stroke 31: 10691075. Nygard O, Vollset SE, Refsum H, Stensvold I, Tverdal A, et al. Total plasma homocysteine and cardiovascular risk profile: the Hordaland Homocysteine Study. JAMA 274: 15261533. Lim U, Cassano PA Homocysteine and blood stress in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 19881994. Am J Epidemiol 156: 11051113. Sutton-Tyrrell K, Bostom A, Zeigler Johnson C Higher homocysteine levels are independently associated with isolated systolic hypertension in older adults. Circulation 96: 17451749. Tsai JC, Kuo HT, Chiu YW, Hwang SJ, Chuang HY, et al. Correlation of plasma homocysteine level with arterial stiffness and pulse pressure in hemodialysis sufferers. Atherosclerosis 182: 121127. 7 ~~ ~~ Existing antiretroviral therapy correctly suppresses HIV-1 plasma viremia by inhibiting viral replication. In most BMS-5 biological activity patients, plasma viremia is 12926553 suppressed under the detection limit of at the moment offered diagnostic assays. Even so, even in the settings of optimal therapy, residual low-level viremia persists in a huge subset of patients. Since monitoring of ultra-low plasma viremia is technically challenging, and it really is unclear no matter if the low-level viremia has an impact on long-term therapy response, new diagnostic markers and tools might be necessary to assistance HIV care and clinical guidance with the subsequent generation of antiretroviral therapies. Lately, cell-associated HIV-1 R.. van Dijk SC, Smulders YM, Enneman AW, Swart KM, van Wijngaarden JP, et al. Homocysteine level is connected with aortic stiffness in elderly: cross sectional outcomes from the B-PROOF study. J Hypertens 31: 952959. 36. London GM, Asmar RG, O’Rourke MF, Safar ME, Explanation Project Investigators Mechanism of selective systolic blood pressure reduction 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. following a low-dose mixture of perindopril/indapamide in hypertensive subjects: comparison with atenolol. J Am Coll Cardiol 43: 9299. Sharman JE, Davies JE, Jenkins C, Marwick TH Augmentation index, left ventricular contractility, and wave reflection. Hypertension 54: 10991105. Tabara Y, Yuasa T, Oshiumi A, Kobayashi T, Miyawaki Y, et al. Effect of acute and long-term aerobic physical exercise on arterial stiffness in the elderly. Hypertens Res 30: 895902. Filipovsky J, Ticha M, Cifkova R, Lanska V, Stastna V, et al. Large artery stiffness and pulse wave reflection: benefits of a population-based study. Blood Press 14: 4552. Katsuda S, Miyake 15481974 M, Kobayashi D, Hazama A, Kusanagi M, et al. Does the augmentation index of pulse waves actually increase with progression of atherosclerosis An experimental study with hypercholesterolemic rabbits. Am J Hypertens 26: 311317. Hughes AD, Park C, Davies J, Francis D, McG Thom SA, et al. Limitations of augmentation index within the assessment of wave reflection in normotensive healthier individuals. PLoS A single 8: e59371. McEniery CM, Yasmin, Hall IR, Qasem A, Wilkinson IB, et al. Standard vascular aging: differential effects on wave reflection and aortic pulse wave velocity: the Anglo-Cardiff Collaborative Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol 46: 17531760. Sundstrom J, Sullivan L, D’Agostino RB, Jacques PF, Selhub J, et al. Plasma homocysteine, hypertension incidence, and blood stress tracking: the Framingham Heart Study. Hypertension 42: 11001105. Eikelboom JW, Hankey GJ, Anand SS, Lofthouse E, Staples N, et al. Association in between high homocysteine and ischemic stroke due to significant and little artery disease but not other etiologic subtypes of ischemic stroke. Stroke 31: 10691075. Nygard O, Vollset SE, Refsum H, Stensvold I, Tverdal A, et al. Total plasma homocysteine and cardiovascular threat profile: the Hordaland Homocysteine Study. JAMA 274: 15261533. Lim U, Cassano PA Homocysteine and blood pressure within the Third National Wellness and Nutrition Examination Survey, 19881994. Am J Epidemiol 156: 11051113. Sutton-Tyrrell K, Bostom A, Zeigler Johnson C Higher homocysteine levels are independently associated with isolated systolic hypertension in older adults. Circulation 96: 17451749. Tsai JC, Kuo HT, Chiu YW, Hwang SJ, Chuang HY, et al. Correlation of plasma homocysteine level with arterial stiffness and pulse stress in hemodialysis patients. Atherosclerosis 182: 121127. 7 ~~ ~~ Present antiretroviral therapy properly suppresses HIV-1 plasma viremia by inhibiting viral replication. In most sufferers, plasma viremia is 12926553 suppressed below the detection limit of at the moment obtainable diagnostic assays. On the other hand, even in the settings of optimal therapy, residual low-level viremia persists inside a significant subset of sufferers. Due to the fact monitoring of ultra-low plasma viremia is technically challenging, and it really is unclear regardless of whether the low-level viremia has an influence on long-term therapy response, new diagnostic markers and tools will likely be needed to support HIV care and clinical guidance with the subsequent generation of antiretroviral therapies. Not too long ago, cell-associated HIV-1 R.

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